prevent steam from updating - Developing and validating a questionnaire to measure spirituality
The final questionnaire consists of 29 items and the psychometrics indicated that it is valid and reliable.
The specific validation processes used were: content and face validity, construct validity using factor analysis, reliability and internal consistency using test-retest reliability and Cronbach’s alpha correlation coefficient.
) Abbas Heydari, Seyed Reza Mazlom ( Department of Medical Surgical Nursing, Mashhad, Iran.
) Abstract Objective: To develop and psychometrically assess spiritual health scale based on Islamic view in Iran.
Methods: The cross-sectional study was conducted at Imam Ali and Quem hospitals in Mashhad and Imam Ali and Imam Reza hospitals in Bojnurd, Iran, from 2015 to 2016 In the first stage, an 81-item Likert-type scale was developed using a qualitative approach. The scale's impact factor, content validity ratio, content validity index, face validity and exploratory factor analysis were calculated.
(JPMA 67: 386; 2017) Introduction Dating back to Florence Nightingale, spirituality has held great value in nursing for clients and practitioners alike.
Spirituality has special relevance when health or illness is considered.
Results from a survey of undergraduate students suggest that laypeople define spirituality as independent from social influence and that few people associate religiosity with negative terms.